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Camel Cup '08
July 2008
Here are some photos of the flight to Marree, South Australia, for the Camel Races.
Not many photos on the way out to Birdsville, cause I've been that route so many times that it's pretty familiar.  But photos of that part of the country are already on other trips such as the Channel Country Trip , .
After the camel races we went to Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary, then I followed the Darling River from Menindee Lakes to Bourke.

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This is 'Lake' Yamma Yamma after a bit of rain. Still no water but a green blush.  I've been over it several time but never seen any water.....
The fabled Birdsville Track.  It's not a track at all, but a good gravel highway.  Must be disappointment for 4WD'ers looking for a challenge.... 
Corrugations on 'the track'.  Sure is good to be in a 'high clearance' off-road vehicle like this aircraft!
'Flying' the Birdsville Track.......
Aircraft at Marree.  A total of 13 aircraft came -  4 Savannahs, 3 Jabirus, 2 Foxbats, 1 Zenith 701, 1 Bush Caddy, 1 Sonerie, 1 Cessna 180.
Camel Races

The Camel Races.  The camels weren't very enthusiastic, but lots of fun anyhow.
Donkey race.  The donkeys were even less enthusiastic than the camels.....
Dog races.  This was a fun race!  When the starter's pistol went off, the black dog panicked and went thro the fence, while the collie walked sedately.  The red bitch and the blue cattle dog streaked to a tie.  On the run-off the blue dog had caught a sniff of the girl and ran right for her tail and jumped on her at the finish line, they had to be pulled apart........
It got a bit slow between races, and drowsy in the warm sun......
My favorite cap, with VGs of course....
Some of the intriguing rock forms just SW of Marree.
'Twin aircraft' art sculpture at Finniss Springs, 20nm west of Marree.  It seems that this was built by a  nearby art/hippy colony.  It contains a homemade pipe organ, and symbolizes "...A gateway to a better future...."

'Marree Man', a large artwork (4.2km, 2.6mi long) with a mysterious history, 'drawn' with a tractor and plow by unkown persons in 1998.  See
Now an article in the Weekend Australian, July 12-13 2008, by Mark Whittaker, may have the answer!  In that article Whittaker discovers contacts in Alice Springs and South Australia who knew a wild artist by the name of Bardius Goldberg, who had drawn an identical figure in the sand many years ago,and expressed a wish to create a drawing that could be seen from space.  The article goes on with lots of fine detail about funding received, and even free diesel and the loan of a GPS provided.  It turns out that Goldberg had also bought a property on Kangaroo Island with the intention of planting eucalyptus trees in the shape of a giant kangaroo.  Sure sounds like a similar idea.....   Unfortunately, in 2002 Goldberg got into a pub fight that dislodged a tooth, and he died of septicaemia as a result.....  There's enough detail in that article to convince me that Bardius was the one who made his mark on the Earth, well done!
'Marree Man' workmanship up close.
A station homestead, really in the middle of nowhere. 
How did they chose this particular spot to settle down?
Hans and I sheltering  from howling SW winds at Arkaroola airstrip.
The management at Arkaroola lent us this 4WD to explore some of the magnificent scenery there.
Crossing 'Lake' Frome, a large salt lake.  Wouldn't want to go down in all that salty mud......
The Darling River looks pretty healthy here at Menindee.
The Darling river winding across the flood plain.  Doesn't flood very often these days....
Landed on the flood plain to have a close look at the river.
This is the state of the river now.......

Here's one of the reasons the Darling River is so low.  That's the last of the Warrego River coming in on the left, caught in those 3 large ponds;  it doesn't even get to join the Darling any longer....

Update Sept 08: This is the 'Toorale Station' that has just been purchased by the government, in order to release that water to the river in future.

But that water does go to a good use, very productive farms. 
There's just not enough water to go around.....
An early morning campsite along the Darling.  It's just so good to be able to travel like this!
Back home at Kilcoy airfield.  I just want to keep going.....
One of the best discoveries of this trip was Arkaroola Resort and Wilderness Sanctuary.

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This is a satellite view, but click on + a couple of times to get at closer view. 
These are the most impressive mountains I've seen anywhere in Australia!
I had always thought of Arkaroola an exclusive resort, but the reality is completely the opposite!!
VERY AIRCRAFT FRIENDLY, particularly welcoming fly-in groups. 
Avgas, premium and regular unleaded.  A well-positioned fuel stop.
Ecomonical accomodation.  From twin cabins at $15 each to three and half star lodges.
Spectacular geology all round!  Astronomical observatory for viewing the stars.
I reckon many of us will want to stop there for a couple of days after the Camel Cup, only 80 miles from Marree.
Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary.  Note one of the two observatories in background.
Some of the interesting geology nearby.  Sedimentary in the foreground and igneous behind.


Camel Cup and Other Adventures

It’s sounding like this Camel Cup fly-in at Marree is going to quite a gathering!  I haven’t kept count, but there’s quite a few aircraft going just from SE Queensland and Northern NSW .  At Narromine several others were making plans, and Barbara and Robin from Bairnsdale have already booked accommodation!  So I think it’s going to be a merry time, sitting around a fire under that desert sky, after a feed at the Marree pub, with lots of adventure stories bouncing around.
These modern aircraft of 70+kts cruise, with lean, dependable engines, make long-range adventure touring really viable.  And flying is by far the best way to see Australia .  So much of this country is so dead flat that when you drive the road all you see is the bush right alongside the road.  If you look away from that white line for a moment it could be disaster, and even more frightening, if anyone of those oncoming looks away or falls asleep it could be disaster.....  And when you get into that really interesting outback country, often you only see a cloud of dust and corrugations.....  On our flight to Cape York we noted that the road below was a line of 4WDs, each just behind or in the cloud of dust of the one in front.  These aircraft cost about the same as a good 4WD, and I sure know which I think is the better value for travelling around the country! 
Flying in remote areas it’s usually a really good plan to follow the road fairly closely – they’re usually wide and open with little traffic, ideal in an emergency. But in your genuine high-clearance, off-road vehicle at 1000ft AGL, it’s a totally different trip!  You’re above all the dust and corrugations, and even if it’s a paved road, you can relax and not have to watch that white line all the time.  Navigation is easy, just following the progress on the map, and much more interesting than trying to fly a straight line on the map or slavishly following an arrow on the GPS. 
From up there you have a totally different vista than from the road, with perspective to the distant horizon, and can really see the ‘lay of the land’.  You can spot all the roos and emus and pigs running through the bush, without colliding with them. 
By far the most relaxing and enjoyable flying that I have ever done, is following a road in that wide open country, throttled back to economy cruise, with the engine just purring, and watching the panorama slide by!!!
So I find it puzzling to see so many of these excellent aircraft just flying around their home ‘patch’ and maybe to Narromine, but not headed for that distant horizon and some real adventure.....  Some of that may be due to a false perception that it’s riskier and more difficult than it really is.  But really it’s a whole lot safer than flying over the ‘settled’ areas with all those fences and power lines and other hazards......  So I’m hoping to dispel some of those fears, and help others with an adventurous spirit to get over the horizon and accrue some memories and stories.  And the aircraft themselves need adventures as well – I really feel sorry for all those capable little aircraft that are cooped up in a hangar all their life, and only get a fly around the local patch once in awhile....
It was really great when we were at Marree last year to see John Duguid drop in with his Savannah on his way home to Flinders   Island from Uluru.  And this was on his 80th birthday.....  That’s the spirit that I really admire!
Now back to this Camel Cup trip.  I’ll now take you on a virtual flight from SE Queensland to Marree by way of Roma – Charleville – Windorah – Birdsville – Birsville Track, following the road just about all the way. 
The flight along the Warrego Hwy to Charleville is straight forward over settled country.  I find it interesting to watch the agricultural activity change, from the fertile Darling Downs to less and less viable cultivation, until it becomes only grazing and mulga by Charleville.  Charleville is a really good first night camp right on the field.  A good exercise walk to town for a feed, then visit the Cosmos Observatory right next to the airfield (bookings essential).  More dense mulga west of Charleville, but by Quilpie the country changes and is really opening up.  Easy walk to town with an excellent bakery in Quilpie.  Then the road sweeps a bit north to Windorah, around some real ‘channel’ country with difficult vehicle access.  Fuel on the field, and a 2km walk to ‘town’.  On to the west, with the country getting more and more open.  Unfortunately Betoota pub is now closed, but a long airstrip right beside the road.  The first sand dunes appear just before Birdsville, that’s always a bit exciting.  Birdsville is an ideal overnight stop.  Fuel, pub and food all within a couple of hundred metres.  Interesting history all around, and an excellent historical museum.  Then the real romantic adventure – flying down the fabled Birdsville Track.  That’s a glorious flight over remote desert terrain, but with a wide ‘runway’ always at hand!
Leaving Marree and headed for home, leave the road for a 50nm shortcut across open country to the Strzelecki Track.  Stop at the deserted Mt Hopeless airstrip for the experience of a completely barren surrounding.  On up the Strzelecki Track over some of the most barren and salt-scorched desert anywhere, past the Moomba gas field, and to Innaminka.  Then a short hop along Cooper Creek to the Dig Tree, and another good overnight camp to imagine what it would have been like for those who camped there so long ago and made it famous.......  Then skirt a bit south around the Cooper channels and pick up the wide roads servicing the oil and gas fields in the area. Land at Noccundra and taxi right up to the old pub.  Fuel at Thargomindah, easy walk into town past the first hydro-electric power plant in Australia (1893).  On to Eulo with a diversion over the Yowah opal diggings.  Eulo is one of my favourite overnight stops, with good camping on the airfield with toilets and water.  Good food right across the road, at the Eulo Queen Hotel with a colourful history.  On and on over the mulga until cultivated agriculture again near St George.  Then just a long haul to home destinations, with red dust on the wheels and a head full of memories.......
I just can’t imagine anyone owning a capable aircraft not being stirred to get up and go on an adventure like that!!!


Route Planning
Of course flight planning for such a trip is very important.  It’s a lot easier these days, with lean 4-strokes and bigger aircraft with more range, but still need to find suitable fuel.  Always plan on at least one full hour fuel reserve in remote areas.  Best arrangement I find is two 20litre jerry cans on the pax seat – gives good options for extended range and unleaded fuel from towns.  You definitely need swipe cards for AVGAS these days, and not just one but all three fuel companies, BP, Shell, and Mobil.  The best source we have found is a company named Skyfuel, .  They will supply all three cards on one account and debit your credit card for payment – works really well.
Very advisable to ring ahead to verify fuel is available.  On this WA trip I was caught out at Malparinka due to the pump being u/s, and at Marree because the underground tank had failed.  Remote locations often have to wait for re-supply.  Luckily I had two jerry cans along and was able to get to alternate fuel these times.
Of course you need WACs and ERSA, but also well worthwhile is the AOPA National Airfield Directory, to order.
From SE Qld and Northern NSW in a 70kt aircraft it’s a three day trip.  Hans and Bill and I came home to Kilcoy, Qld. from Marree last July in two l-o-n-g days at 80kts, but three would be easier.   From Victoria it would be two days.
Fuel Planning
A good long flight like this, and filling up at metered bowsers, is an excellent chance to get some real fuel burn figures.  Please keep a careful log of the amount of fuel purchased, the power setting for that  leg, and run times, and then work it out both by sections and overall average.  Those figures are really valuable for future fuel planning.
If you’re travelling solo then it’s worth carrying at least one jerry can on the pax seat.  It really increases your freedom of movement to have that extra fuel on board for some legs, and can be really handy to carry fuel from town if necessary. 
 Whenever possible, ring ahead to confirm that fuel is available.  In remote country areas fuel sometimes runs out when supply has been delayed and, a faulty bowser can take ages to get fixed....

Possible fuel stops enroute to the Camel Cup

From SE Qld , here are several alternative routes and fuel stops that I know:

See map below -
ULP = regular unleaded, PULP = premium unleaded.

Roma - AVGAS BP swipe.

Charleville – AVGAS, friendly on-site refueler, country and western music included, lunch café on site, good exercise walk to town (RSL club on the way into town real good value...), good first night camp, have a look at the night sky at the Cosmos observatory near the airfield.

Quilpie - Easy walk to town for PULP and bakery, but real coffee at the motel across the road.

Windorah  - AVGAS, chat up Bubs the refueler and she might give you a lift into the pub for lunch.


Birdsville – PULP and good tyre service at Mobile servo across the road.  Pub across the road.  Curry cafe now closed - very disappointing.....  Pub menu very up-market, and pizzas at the Bakery the worst pizza ever - cooked beforehand and held in a warming oven....  I haven't tried it but there is a cafe at the Shell roadhouse open during business hours only. 
Last time in there, we were rabidly verbally abused for camping on the airfield overnight..... 
Birdsville is no longer one of my favorite overnight stops!!!   

Down the fabled Birdsville Track.

Mungerannie Roadhouse - ULP, and good burgers.

Marree – No PULP any longer.......  At Marree Avgas is only available by the full 200 litre drum, and the supplier needs at least one week prior notice to get the fuel in (                     08 8675 8371         ).  Bulk Avgas is available at Leigh Creek (60nm) or Arkaroola (80nm).


Roma – Charleville – Quilpie - same as above.

Dig Tree - Good strip right next to the site.

Innamincka – PULP, food.

Moomba Gas field – don’t fly right over the gas plant, and don’t land.  

Mungerannie Roadhouse - Birdsville Track – Marree, same as above.
St. George – AVGAS on field, PULP 200 metres.  Nearby cafe now closed.
Cunnamulla - AVGAS                     0417 729 685         .

Thargomindah – AVGAS                     0428 449 511         , no fuel cards, only credit card or cash.

Noccundra Pub – Taxi over to the bouser for ULP, food.

Dig Tree – Innamincka - Mungerannie Roadhouse – Marree, same as above.

St. George – Cunnamulla – Thargomindah – same as above.

Cameron Corner – ULP 200mtrs, burgers, dingo fence over the horizon each way.

Across to the Strzelecki Track (scrubby dune desert, no place to land).

Mt Hopeless – Good strip for fuel xfer, in spectacular barren stony desert.


Goondiwindi – AVGAS.   $100 callout fee after hours!  If you have a jerry can, taxi to the end of the grass x-strip and duck through the fence to the service station.

Lightning Ridge – AVGAS, town 4km, opal mines.

Bourke – AVGAS Shell swipe, town 6km, cafe 300metres.

'Back of Bourke’, vast area of thick mulga scrub, but the road to Wanaaring is often wide enough to land on....

Wanaaring – ULP in town 3km.

Milparinka – Taxi down to the historic stone pub for ULP and food.

Mt.   Hopeless – Fuel xfer.
Or via Arkaroola - Avgas, PULP, ULP, good service.


Goondiwindi – Lightning Ridge – Bourke – as above.

Follow the Darling River , what remains of it.....

Wilcannia – PULP delivered with prior notice                     (08) 8091 5021         .

Or White Cliffs – AVGAS                     (08) 8091 6606         .

Broken Hill – AVGAS Mobil                     0419 635 915         .

Arkaroola - AVGAS, PULP, ULP, excellent service! 

Flinders   Ranges – spectacular!

or Leigh   Creek – AVGAS                     08 8675 2810          or VHF 129.9






Emergency Planning
Just in Case.......
We don’t like to have to consider the possibility of going down and being stranded  anywhere, but a little bit of preparation can prevent it being a dire situation.
Travelling in company with another aircraft is always advisable.  If one has to go down, the other can mark the spot and go and find assistance.  Be very cautious of trying to land the second aircraft as well – could just end up with two stranded......


I carry a minimum of 3 litres per person, plus several drink bottles for day use.  The 3 litres is held strictly in reserve, and the drink bottles are topped up whenever refuelling.  This is for following roads, or at least in readily accessible country; for remote or difficult access areas then at least 10 litres is required.  Those backpack water bags cost quite a bit, but are the best way to carry the reserve water – they pack away easily and are very tough and impact resistant.
There’s more water out there than you see from the road.  From the air you can spot the dams or bores for stock watering – if there’s cattle or sheep then there has to be watering points.  Always keep a watch for those water points, and if the engine quits, a landing near one is a big advantage.  Also, there’ll be a vehicle track to the water point.  Landing on a vehicle track is usually a much better option, and also makes access to assisting vehicles easier. 

Emergency Equipment

Of course an ELT is essential for all flying.  And they are really effective these days.  But triggering an ELT starts off a serious search and rescue process coordinated from Canberra .  If I was downed by engine problems and landed safely, I wouldn’t really like to start off that process unless absolutely necessary.  First I would use my UHF to see if by chance there was someone local within range – every vehicle out that way has a UHF.  I have a UHF installed and often keep it on ‘scan’ to keep track of which channels are in use.  Road crews and mustering crews can often be heard at work, and 4WD tourists chattering.  The range from the air is considerable.  The range from ground level is very limited, but worth a chance, because these are exactly the fellas who can be the most help without a lot of fuss.  I would at least carry a small UHF hand-held.  Next I would get on the VHF area frequency and try to reach an aircraft.  (I carry a ‘Class G and E Frequency Planning Chart’, with the area frequencies for both flight levels. ) With the other aircraft at IFR altitude the range is considerable, even when I’m on the ground.  Such voice communication gives the opportunity to give a GPS location and explain the situation without causing a SAR panic.  I’d be asking them to contact the nearest police station to ask them to arrange for someone local to come and assist.  I always carry several hundred dollars in cash to pay for such services if needed.  They’re all very generous in those parts, but I’m certainly prepared to pay for the service when they leave what they’re doing and use their vehicles to help out,  while I’m just ‘playing around’ out there in the first place.
One of the most essential bits of ultimate survival gear to carry, is a couple of those reflective ‘space blankets’.  They roll up small and weigh next to nothing, but they can be a real saviour from either heat or cold.  If caught out without tent and sleeping bag in cold wet conditions, squat down with knees against your chest and the blanket wrapped over your head and around the body, with reflective side in – this way you can retain body heat to survive.  In very hot conditions, drape the reflective blanket over a bush, with reflective side up, and burrow under it and lie really still. 
Packing for Flying Light 
And it is important to keep the load light!  Please don’t load your aircraft down as if it was a 4WD!  Every once counts when your wing has to carry it.  Pack as if you were going to carry it all on your back, up a big mountain......
It’s always a problem – so many compromises have to be made. The old adage, "If in doubt, leave it out ...", needs to be applied often, but there's still lots of pondering, hefting, agonizing, and re-packing. I've gone through the process dozens of times over the years, preparing for long back-packing and motorbike trips, and now ultralights. It does get easier, especially with the light-weight gear now on the market, and I’ve learned a few tricks that I'll pass on to anyone interested.  I like to be cozy and comfortable for a good sleep, and this works well for me.
There are lots of light-weight tents on the market these days.  Mine weighs just 2 kg, and is a great little 'cocoon'. It not only keeps the mossies well away, but it stops that chilling draught, keeps the dew off, and provides shelter to keep my gear and boots dry if there's rain in the night.
I would never leave my self-inflating mattress behind. It's 3/4 length, 25 mm thick when inflated, rolls up to a small bundle deflated, and weighs very little. You'd think that thinness wouldn't be of much use, but it does wonders for a comfortable sleep, even on concrete! The cost ($90 when I bought mine) seems a lot, but I’ve had so many comfortable nights that it’s well worth it.  I also carry one of those 8mm blue mattresses, full length that goes under the ¾ length inflating one.  This protects the inflating one from sharp prickles, and adds more insulation and comfort for my legs.  I roll both mattresses up together in a tight roll and use a couple of short pieces of bungee cord tied in loops like strong rubber bands to keep the them rolled-up.   

A sleeping bag is the next obvious necessity for camping out. There are lots of options here, but I find that combining a light-weight summer sleeping bag with lots of cold weather clothing gives the most flexible combinations for all-weather flying and camping at minimum weight.  You often need the cold weather clothing for flying and general day wear anyhow, so doubling up saves weight.
Let's start at the inside, where you can make the biggest gains in warmth. I really don't understand why long underwear gets the jokes and ridicule that it does. It's by far the most effective warm clothing of all, especially for it's weight.  The polypropylene thermal underwear available these days is soft, form-fitting and stretchy, and easily fits under other clothing. It wicks moisture away from the skin and provides a layer of warm air next to the skin, just like I would imagine the layer of fur does for a cat! When not being worn it packs into a soft bundle and weighs very little.
Next are a couple of lamb's wool sweaters. These are the soft, fluffy, 'lounging' sweaters. Two  layers like this is much, much, warmer and lighter than one heavy sweater, and more flexible and comfortable. When not needed they stuff easily into your travelling bag. When your flying jacket goes over all this fluffy bulk you'll feel like a fat teddy bear, but at least you'll be a warm and cosy bear!
But it's no use being a cosy bear on the top while losing all your body heat from your legs. Those insulated ski pants are ideal – have a look in the second hand stores. They're wind-proof, warm, light-weight, and slippery so they don’t bind when you roll around in the sleeping bag.  It’s sort like wearing part of your sleeping bag....
There’s an old adage, “..... if your feet are cold then the rest of you will be cold as well....”, very true, there is a lot of heat loss from feet.  I carry several pairs of light wool socks so always have warm feet at night.  20% of heat loss is from the head, so a beany or balaclava worn on really cold nights makes a heck of a difference.  Reduce heat loss from both ends and the middle will stay warm.
So I just carry a light-weight summer sleeping bag all year. But a roomy one, because inside it I wear as much of the flying clothing as is necessary for the temperature of the night. I don't know where the myth comes from about it being warmer in a sleeping bag with your day clothes off – I find just the opposite, and I've had many teeth-chattering nights to put it to the test. There are several advantages to wearing lots of clothing inside a sleeping bag; not the least of which is, if you need to get up in the middle of the night for whatever reason, it's no sense exposing any more skin than necessary to that chill night air!  The sleeping bag should have a hood to keep your head and neck warm.  And it must have a ‘silky’ inside, not a fleece lining – the fleece feels nice on bare skin but it drags on your clothing when you roll over, and collects every bindi burr in the west if it gets a chance.
As a minimum I use my track suit as pyjamas, and if the night is cold enough, then thermal underwear as well. The track suit is the type with two layers of light fabric rather than the thick fleecy ones – lighter and easier to pack away and quicker drying. Then when I get up in the morning to stir up the fire, I'm already dressed enough to be comfortable, without having to get into cold clothes. If it's a really freezing cold night then I'll wear everything (except jeans, they're just too uncomfortable), including flying jacket and ski pants, not forgetting a couple of pairs of dry wool socks and a beany on my head.
With all these options I’ve been comfortable everywhere from the tropics to the frosty high plains.
The next essential for light-weight camping is a 'space blanket'(that may be a trademark name, but I'll use it anyhow).  If your sleeping bag isn’t warm enough, then lie on part of the space blanket with the rest loosely draped around your back, but leave one side open to reduce condensation – makes an amazing difference to warmth!  It's also an essential part of any survival kit so I have a couple of space blankets permanently in my aircraft, even for local flights.  
So what do all those combinations add up to?

The ski pants, track suit, 2 sweaters, 5 pairs wool socks, and thermal underwear – weigh 3 kg. (The flying jacket is so much a part of me that I consider it as part of my personal weight.) The sleeping bag, small pillow, mattress, and  space blanket adds another 3 kg, and the tent is 2 kg.  
That's 9 kg – not too bad for a kit that's sufficient for flying and camping in just about any weather, and in good comfort.